New Zealand

Sandwich Islands


nights of moon


13 20-year periods


1. Whiro

hilo "a running sore"

-uac "a blister, a boil"

2. Tireo

kileo "palate"

Na- "palate"

3. Hoata

hoaka "become daylight"

Kin "day"

5. Kou

'oua "unripe"

-aa "unripe"

6. Nana

nana "to observe"

Can "to learn"

7. Kani "back and forth"


Pac- "to fold"

9. Pa

pa "to taste"

Cab- "honey"

10. Huna "in-law";


Na- "mother"


huna, hune

-pot Xiu, cf. puut-xiiw


"branching seaweed"

"cruciferous herb"

11. Ari "display"


Zoon "scowling"

12. Mawharu

mohalu "slack"

Cum "to overfill"

13. Hua "buttocks;


Tu "stench"



15. Hotu

-hoku "fruit"

Cuc^ "sticky"

16. Maurea "sedge for


Cit- "leaves for food"



C^umayel =


maulele "flotsam"

cuumuk "middle" +


aayil "alligator"





Vol. 37, 1928. pp. 338-356.


Publ. No. 219. 1920.

H. W. Williams:

Mary Kawena Pukui & Samuel H. Elbert:

S. G. Morley:

"The Nights of the Moon."

Hawaiian Dictionary. U. of Hawaii Press, 1971.

The Inscriptions at Copan.

## 29, 31, etc.


p. 482

The 13 katunob occur in Paris Codex, pp. 2-12 (PMKWh, p. 184), and are apparently intended by, on late Classic bowl (ibid., p. 196):--

the god of # 13 arising out of one end of carapace

(divine) toad arising out of other end of same carapace

13 Ahau-signs rimming carapace of stone tortoise at Mayapan (ibid., p. 186)

toad as earth-diver provided soil upon shell of world-tortoise (PM, p. 246)

Also related would be the date on the Yaxc^ilan ball-court inscription illustrated as Figure 12.5 in EAS, p. 362.

an African source may be possible for this Maya/Huron collocation:-

[Ibo] tortoise atop tree = tortoise atop post in Codex Madrid, p. 19 (PMKWh, pp. 193, 194)

[Huron] world-tortoise

TWI (people in Africa)

[Huron] god TaWIskarong (PM, pp. 247-248)

"peafowl" is [in >ib.] TUKKi^ (whence the [Fijian] maTUKU), though [Cupen~o, PM, p. 242] god TUKUt was prae-uttered by god ISIl (= [Borneo] god ISI)

[Huron] TAWiS- = T.A>US, god of the Yazidi^ "proud (as a peafowl)"

As Kurdish is western Iranian, northeastern Iranian is TaJiK: cf. TiJusKeha adversary to Tawiskarong; the Tajik mythic geography in its names beginning in Z- disclosing (like the sect-name ZeDi^, of Yemen) an African afinity.

yaZiDi^ are the [<arabi^-speaking] counterparts of the [Kurdish-speaking] Yarsani^

PMKWh = JOURNAL OF ANTHROPOLOGICAL RESEARCH, Vol. 44 (1988), pp. 183-203 Karl A. Taube: "A Prehispanic Maya Katun Wheel."

EAS = David H. Kelley: Exploring Ancient Skies. Springer, 2005.

PM = Barbara C. Sproul: Primal Myths. San Francisco, Harper & Row, 1979. Quoting:-- JOURNAL OF AMERICAN FOLKLORE, 1888, 1e, pp. 175-183. Horatio Hale: "Huron Folklore".

And quoting:-- UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA PUBLICATIONS IN AMERICAN ARCHAEOLOGY AND ETHNOLOGY, 1918, 14 (2), p. 192. E. W. Gifford: "Clans and Minorities in Southern California".