Changing-Woman = Haumea = Damayanti


Sandwich i.s

Changing Woman was, as a baby, found as a foundling : "Wrapped in a dark cloud, the infant was covered with dark, blue, yellow, and white clouds" (NR).

"Above Kuaihelani lies Nu>u-mea(meha)-lani (Sacred raised place of the heavenly one), the land in the clouds to which Haumea retires" (pp. 79-80).

"she grew older and older until she was a bent old woman, ...

"Haumea was recognized as withered up, She was old" (p. 281).

she changed four times from youth to age"(B, p. 77).

"she ... changes her form from age to youth" (p. 278).

"Begochiddy gave her a big basket full of

In Tuamotuan myth, wind was released from the armpit of goddess Faumea by god Tagaroa (p. 289). {Tagaroa’s aequivalent Kanaloa praesideth over the lunar-nights named /kaloa/ ‘oval dish or platter’ (HD).}

flowers and she gave the flowers to the people" (B, p. 77).

Haumea’s tree, which "has two blossoms" (p. 284),

"Estsan-ah-tlehay, the Changing Woman, who never appears in any sandpainting, though she is very holy." (B, p. 166)

is called "the tree of changing leaves" (p. 283). "A man cuts down the tree with a stone axe and leaves it" so that "the tree is washed out to sea." (p. 284) . Thus it disappeared; although driftwood (p. 285) generally is regarded as very holy.

"she took the seat and placed a medicine basket full of suds in front of her and taking off her clothes, washed and bathed her body and hair." (B, p. 172)


Changing-Woman "went to dwell in her floating house" (GGM, p. 128).

Haumea "Entered a growing tree" (p. 283) : "The trunk of the tree is found floating" (p. 284).

Changing-Woman’s "house was built on a beautiful island called `Land that Floats on the Water.' " (NARA, pp. 203-4) {The isle of Delos was reputed by have floated.}


"A house had been built for her, designed in various colors on the outside, and inside a ladder had been provided (like a Pueblo house). at this ladder a rattle had been set which would shake to let it be known that people had entered. White shell had been spread out and the floor space was white shell. In various places her footprints of white shell had been placed." (EIMM)

"She stamped on the ground, left Nu>umea, The earth shook" (p. 281).

"Changing Woman was given a medicine bundle containing objects and powers that created the world. ... But she did show the Navajo how to make a bundle modeled on hers; this was the origin of the mountain-soil bundle." (NCM, pp. 22-3)

"It is in her deified form as a spirit that Papa is identified with Haumea." (p. 278) {/ho>oPAPA/ ‘to put in layers’ (HD) : cf. layering in bundling}

"When the gods assembled to consider the war between Dark Thunder and Winter Thunder, Changing Woman was the first to enter. As soon as the subject was broached, she said decisively, "I did not bear these children ... ."" (NR)

"When Haumea pursues, he throws out a stone which Haumea takes for her grandchild and which thunders when she tries to catch it." (p. 431)

"Changing Woman was living on Whirling Mountain ... . ... After the creation from the stone images, Whiteshell Woman lived with Changing Woman (who, because she was created at the same time, was her sister) on Whirling Mountain" (NR). {cf. the Cymry mythic Caer Sidi, 4 times revolving}




"NChW" = Navajo Changing Woman"

NR = Gladys A. Reichard : Navajo Religion. 1950.

B = Wyman : Blessingway; 219.: University of Arizona, Tucson, 1970.

GGM = Gerald Hausman : The Gift of the Gila Monster : Navajo Ceremonial Tales. 1993.

NARA = Sam Gill : Native American Religious Action: a Performance Approach to Religion. 1987.

EIMM = Trudy Griffen-Pierce : Earth is my Mother, Sky is my Father: Space, Time, and Astronomy in Navajo Sandpainting. 1992.

NCM = Mary C. Wheelwright : Navajo Creation Myth : the Story of the Emergence. 1942.

SB-EB = Gerald Hausman : Sitting on the Blue-Eyed Bear : Navajo Myths and Legends. 1975.

HM = Martha Beckwith : Hawaiian Mythology. Yale U Pr, 1940.

HD = Pukui & Elbert : Hawaiian Dictionary. U Pr of HI, Honolulu.

Sandwich i.s



"rubbed with odorous oils (... melomelo)" (p. 285). {In Molokai, this is known as /makalei/ (HD).}

"While in exile, Nala works as an oil presser." ("D.h", p. 148a)


"Marquesan deity ... Haumei ... devours, especially the eyes." (p. 289)

Instead of those of Nala’s mother Man~jha, "the sweeper ... brings the king a doe’s eyes instead." ("D.h", p. 147b)


When the retinue of Kumuhonua "caught Makea asleep and tied his hands," (p. 281)

When his wife Damayanti was sleeping,

"when everyone had fallen asleep",

or Puna-ai-koae "is found asleep in the chief Kou’s banana patch", his "wife Haumea comes to seek him. ... From the fragments of Haumea’s skirt as she flees up the valley grow the wild akala (Hawaiian raspberry) vines." (p. 282)

Nala cut off her skirt.

Priapos sought to violate Hestia,

"Haumea is said to have given birth to "strange noisy creatures."" (p. 279)


"but an ass brayed aloud" (20.b).





"D.h" = Susan S. Wadley : article "D.hola", in :- Peter J. Claus, Sarah Diamond, Margaret Ann Mills (edd.) : South Asian Folklore: an encyclopedia. Routledge, NY, 2003.

GM = Robert Graves : The Greek Myths. 1955.