Christ forbade his disciples to wash their hands before eating (Mark 7:5; Matthew 15:2). Allusion may be to Ktesias (Photios, 23) of hound-headed (Cynic) compulsive hand-washers, who are anointed with butter (AI, p. 24 fn. 68) in much the same fashion as in the Coptic-Church ecclesiatical ritual of the "foot-washing".

"Hand washing hand" is a figure of speech for collusion against the public interest by feigned mutual accusation after being detected (similar to "passing the buck"); taking a meal together is a common setting for arranging such collusions.

The "foot-washing" by Christ is to be connected with his admonition "Feed my sheep". That the hound-headed (Cynic) troglodytes were likened to sheep-herding hounds is indicated in that they "considered the richest who possesses the most sheep" (Photios -- AI, p. 25).

Oidipous "swollen-feet" is the one whose legacy was decided by the "war for Oidipous' sheep" (Hesiodos: Works and Days, ll. 156-169). These "swollen-feet" (repraesentative of ailments to which sheep are commonly subject) are alluded to the Gospel ("And if thy foot offend thee, cut it off") -- Mark 9:45

Being, apparently, described as afflicted by the mote in the eye of another, Jesus said that this was harmless. That this "mote" could be conceptualized as harmful would indicate that it was more than an unnoticed dust particle; and its association with a "beam" (of wood) would suggest that it was itself composed of wood.

Here, the "mote" would, perhaps, be a particle of "carpenter's ... saw-dust" [for which reason Jesus may have been designated, rather figuratively, as the son of a carpenter], repraesenting the "evil" in the world (Marcus Aurelius 8:50; Aulus Gellius 7:1:7; Contra Celsum 6:55) which is to be eliminated (according to the Stoics such as Khrysippos), by a periodic world-conflagration (ekpurosis). (EC&GRT, p. 231) This sawdust may be that produced at the making of wooden ship of Paris by Tekton and the wooden horse by Epeios, both occasioning war. To burn this sawdust would merely be destroying evidence, not eliminating the cause, of war.

Jesus suggested, instead to cast out the beam from one's own eye (Luke 6:41; Matthew 7:3). If in the case of sawdust he was opposing the burning of it, then in the case of the beam he may have been implying that the igniting of it would be more functional than the igniting of sawdust-tinder.

Here, the literary allusion may have been to that passage in the Odusseis wherein Poluphemos the shepherd undergoeth the thrusting into his eye of the ignited end of a stake.

If "thine eye be single, thy whole body" shall be "full of light." (Luke 11:34; Matthew 6:22) It must be of this eye, being spoken of in the singular, which offendeth: "If thine eye offend thee, pluck it out." (Mark 9:47; Matthew 18:9) The eye to be plucked out would not be a physical eye, but rather an unwonted inclination to favor one's "rights"; hence is is specifically one's "right" (Matthew 5:29) eye that one is asked to pluck out.

This would imply seeing in bodily form the "angel of light", who is the devil (2nd Corinthians 11:14) that would grant sudden enlightenment, coming swiftly as chain-lighting or even a single lightning-flash: this would be Steropes "lighting" and Arges "lightning-flash" the Kuklopes. They were guilty of manufacturing weapons for the unfilial upstart traitors Zeus & Co., until hindered by Apollon, who [according to some] is destined to overthrow Zeus.

Jesus (Yes^uwa< in 1st Chronicles) is said to be relatable with Yho^s^u^<a, buried [according to legend] at a volcano.

Apollon was born in Lukia, where there is a volcano mentioned by Ktesias (Photios, 10 -- AI, p. 14) at Mt. Khimaira of the Phaselitai (Antigonos c. 182; Plinius 2:106 -- AI, p. 42).


AI = ANNOTATED TRANSLATIONS OF CLASSICAL WRITERS WHICH RELATE TO ANCIENT INDIA, Vol. 3. J. W. McCrindle (transl.): Ancient India. Calcutta & Bombay, 1882.

EC&GRT = STUDIES IN EARLY CHRISTIANITY, Vol. VIII. Everett Ferguson (ed.): The Early Church and Greco-Roman Thought. Garland Publishing, 1993.