Kokalos = S^lomoh


Qur>an sura Naml (N)




emmets (according to the most usual translation; but

Prompted by Daidalos, an emmet solved the problem posed by Minos to Kokalos (GM 92.i).


‘termites’ according to an alternative translation -- TAQ)

The hoopoe sometimes nesteth in "termite mounds" (FH).



The hoopoe was figured in "Minoan" art at Knossos (Ch, p. 51).


The queen of S^ba< was "prostrating before the sun".

Ikaros (son of Daidalos by the female slave Nau-krateGM 92.d) was overcome by the sun’s heat (GM 92.f).


S^lomoh (Sulayman) commanded the >ifrit : "Remodel her mansion for her."

For Kokalos, Daidalos was "erecting many fine buildings." (GM 92.h)


"a miserable shower" (consisting apparently of asphalt – S&G) fell upon the folk of S`iddi^m.

"they poured boiling ... pitch upon Minos" at Kamikos (GM 92.i).


"we turn into dust".

Hoopoes take dust-baths.


"the blind"

Male hoopoes often blind each other.


"the mountains ... are moving, like the clouds."

The hoopoe "is able to detect piezo-electrical charges in the atmosphere" (SLB). {Piezo-electricity is a result of pressure : mountains, through their weight, also exert pressure.}

GM = Robert Graves : The Greek Myths. 1955.

TAQ = http://www.bismikaallahuma.org/archives/2005/talking-ants-in-the-quran/

N = http://www.submission.org/suras/sura27.html

FH = http://wild-birds.suite101.com/article.cfm/facts_about_the_hoopoe
Ch = Anne P. Chapin : Charis. 2004.

S&G = http://www.totheends.com/sodom.html

SLB = The Secret Language of Birds. http://www.nhbs.com/hoopoe/?p=108




"Green birds" in paradise

[god of the Picentes in Picenum] Picus "possessed a green woodpecker" (CDCM, s.v. "Picus").


The father of Picus was Sterces, or Sterculus ‘Dung-heap". {Sterces must repraesent the hoopoe, which constructed its nest of animal-dung. -- "many hoopoes use old woodpecker’s holes for their mesting sites." (FF, p. 59)}

CDCM = Pierre Grimal : A Concise Dictionary of Classical Mythology.

FF = Peter Tate : Flights of Fancy : Birds in Myth, Legend, and Superstition. 2007. http://books.google.com/books?id=9zZRTCBzeeIC&pg=PA59&lpg=PA59&dq=

[This is merely one example indicating that the collocations of subject-matters in the chapters of the Qu>an are not haphazard, but are soundly based on established symbolic associations within Hellenic mythology.]