Deluges in the Kumu-lipo (Kumu-uli-po)

page #

line #

 

Manu-antara

   

the 7 Po-s

the 7 R.s.i-s (7 simultaneous dynasties in the Svayam-bhuva Manu-antara)

210

909

a goddess entitled "sea that made the chiefs fall down"

end of Svayam-bhuva Manu-antara

215

1114

the 2nd goddess entitled "sea that made the chiefs fall down"

end of Sva-rocis.a Manu-antara

221

1316

the 3rd goddess entitled "sea that made the chiefs fall down"

end of Auttama Manu-antara

109

1533-5

The sea rages, rises over the beach. Rises silently to the inhabited places

Rises gradually up over the land

end of Tamasa Manu-antara

   

[subsequent, prior to Maui]

Raivata Manu-antara -- cf. Raivata = Kakudmin (Vayu Puran.a 2:26:1; 2:24:25) of Kus`a-sthali, who (2:24:26-27), with his daughter (+Revati), for one Muhurta listened to music in the world of Brahma; so that, maha-yuga-s elapsed, his city had been re-named Dvara-vati

The foregoing is perhaps an inaccurate assessment, because Manu-s number more than this.

Better would be to suggest -kalpa-s (in the nomenclature of the Bhaga-vata Puran.a) , thus:-

p. #

line #

 

kalpa, etc.

210

909

the 1st goddess entitled " sea that made the chiefs fall down"

end of 1st of S`abda-brahman kalpa

215

1114

the 2nd goddess entitled "sea that made the chiefs fall down"

end of 2nd of S`abda-brahman kalpa

221

1316

the 3rd goddess entitled "sea that made the chiefs fall down"

end of 1st of Padma kalpa

109

1533-5

[4th sea-rising = goddess entitlement] The sea rages, rises over the beach. Rises silently to the inhabited places

Rises gradually up over the land

end of 2nd of Padma kalpa

109

1530-45

the 5 Po-s (the 5 "Nights"), namely:

Pan~ca-ratra "the 5 Nights"

 

1530

Po-la'a (immediately before the 4th deluge)

 
 

1539

Po-elua "2nd Night"

 
 

1540

[the 3rd] "Stormy Night"

 
 

1541

[the 4th] "Night of Plenty"

 
 

1545

[the 5th] "Passing Night" (immediately after the 5th deluge ?)

 
 

1544-5

[the 5th ?] deluge

Varaha kalpa, at beginning of which earth is covered with deluge

123, cf. 126

cf. p. 127, ll. 1927-8

+Wahine-lalo-hana[u], by whose relatives the land is overwhelmed with flood (but quake in Kumu-lipo account = end of Ollin-tonatiuh), after:

1st (?) maha-yuga in [some Manu-antara of] Varaha kalpa

     

[shape-shifting god = S`ata-rupa "hundred-form" as the 2rd of 4 yuga-s in the 2nd maha-yuga]

123,

cf. pp. 125-7, ll. 1850-1901

stars have been brought as:

Zeus seduced +Kallisto, and from this union Arkad- was born -- +Kallisto was maid-servant to +ARTEMIs (whose name is, etymologically, +ARCAMI-, aequivalent to R.CIka as the 3rd of 4 yuga-s in the 2nd maha-yuga) [stars revolve around Arkad- (Ursa Minor, the "Lesser Bear")]

123,

cf. p. 127, ll. 1904, 1914

food --

 

118

cf. p. 125, ll. 1811-2

Wakea's son the taro (a food--plant)-god Ha-loa was buried [alive ?]

veda-vyasa of 3rd maha-yuga was BHARGaVa: cf. PHLEGUAs who fell alive into a pit

123

 

"Hina-kawe'o-a "craves food," and

 

123

 

Wakea sets up a row of images (ki'i), conceals himself in one of them, and from this union is born the same "cock on the back of Wakea"

Hermes (= row of hermai, i.e. phallic idols having faces) was speaker: cf. -mukha "mouth, face" as regents of 1st & 2nd yuga-s of 4th maha-yuga

135

1985-6

series of brethren, all (each) named "Maui"

series of 4 brethren, all (each) named Sana-, as the 4 yuga-s of the 5th maha-yuga

   

After death of Maui, beginning of praevalence of death for all living beings

Mr.tyu "death" as Veda-vyasa of 6th Maha-yuga

138

2055

Hulu-at[-the]-yellow sky: cf. Chinese convention of [clods of] soil as yellow

Lauga-aks.i "clod-eye" as yoga-acarya of 6th Maha-yuga, according to VS

138

2056

>ai-kanaka, who required "disposition of the excrement" [HM, p. 242]

Vi-rajas "without dust" as 2nd yuga of 6th Maha-yuga

138

2057

Hema "the left side"

Jaigir-sayva "shouted to the left side" as yoga-acarya of 7th maha-yuga,

139

2059

Ka-ha>i [born at >i-ao, HD, p. 385 -- ao "cloud"]

Megha "cloud" as 2nd yuga in 7th maha-yuga, according to VS

139

2060

Wahie-loa, who made an attempt to fetch a birth-gift [HM, p. 259]

-vaha [vah "to attempt"] as 3rd yuga in 7th maha-yuga

139

2061

La>a, who constructed as his vehicle a supernatural canoe

Su-vahana "good vehicle" as 4th yuga in 7th maha-yuga

239

2062

Luanu>u "dressed in kapa (tapa "barkcloth")"

Vasis.t.ha [in whose presence exiles dressed themselves in barkcloth, RA, Ayodhya Khanda, 37) as Veda-vyasa of 8th Maha-yuga

239

2063

Ka-mea "the cause"

founders of Sankhya philosophy of divine causation of physical events, as 1st to 3rd yuga-s in 8th maha-yuga

239

2064

Pohu-ka>ina [pohu "calm"; ka>ina "succession"]

R.s.abha, latest in succession of mythical founders of Jaina philosophy of mind-calming, as yoga-acarya of 9th maha-yuga

239

2065

Hua, who alleged to have sent his bird-catchers to the mountains (HM, p. 381)

Giri-s`a "mountain-inhabitant" as 4th yuga in 9th maha-yuga, according to S`RS

239

2066

Paunui-kaikea- [kaikea "sapwood"]

Tri-dhaman "triple-tube [in physiology, the tubes carrying the sap-like body-fluids]" as Veda-vyasa of 10th Maha-yuga

239

2067

Hua-nui->e- "fruit-great-strange [i.e., illegitimate child recognized by father against social convention (& forcibly so)]"

Bala-bandhu "force-kinsman" as 1st yuga in 10th maha-yuga

239

2068

Paunui-kuaka->oloke>a [kuaka "vision"] =

Mitra, the god having 1,000 eyen, as 2nd yuga in 10th maha-yuga, according to S`iP

   

(HM, p. 378) Paunui-makua [makua "sunfish']

Ketu-s`r.nga [cf. ketu-vallabhaka "sea-monster"] as 3rd yuga in 10th maha-yuga

239

2069

Haho, founder of a society of chiefs of whom "their shadow falling on the ground [would] render it tapu." (loc. cit.)

= Nara [gnomon of sun-dial], 2nd (should be 4th) yuga of 10th maha-yuga, according to S`iP

139

2070

Palena = [Maori] Pare-ngako, descendant (AHM 4:66) of Tu-haha [= Haw. Haho] [pale "to parry, fend off"]

Tri-vr.t "tripling turning" [cf. kru^b with "sword which turned every way" (Br>s^yt 3:24) posted at entrance to garden of <eden as guard -- i.e., to parry weapons of attackers ?] Veda-vyasa of 11th Maha-yuga

139

2071

Hana-la>a- "wood-shavings sacred" [cf. wood-shavings left dangling from prayer-sticks whittled Ainu-style] brethren

Lamba "dangling" as 2nd yuga in 11th maha-yuga

239

2073

Maui-loa, ruler of Maui, is son of the younger of the two brethren, namely of Hana-la>a-iki; whereas the rulers of Hawai>i descend from the elder of the two brethren, namely from Hana-la>a-nui (HM, p. 389)

Thersandros, ruler of Thebai, is son of the younger of two brethren, namely of Polu-neikes; whereas Lao-damas, the son of the elder of the two brethren, ruled in Illuria (over the Dassaretai = Datta-atreya ?)

   

ADRastos

AD-tRi, as yoga-acarya of 12th maha-yuga = ADRastos

239

2074

Alau "branching of lineage"

Tisamenos, in whose time there was the departure of many under Peneleos, whose later descendant was Philotas

239

2076

LONO-MAI

When A-nanda was asked by Maha-Kas`yapa (Kas`yapa being 2nd yuga in 13th maha-yuga) to remove the flag-staff, he was performing the pilaster-toppling act of S^ims^o^n, who died from speaking of the decaying lion, much as Maru died when RONGO-MAI appeared (deceitfully -- AHM 1:108) as a decaying whale

239

2078

Alo "upper surface of a bowl"

Varijas "bivalve-shell" as 4th yuga in 13th maha-yuga, according to KP

239

2080

Mapu-leo "[wind-]wafted voice"

S`ravan.a "hearing" as 3th yuga in 14th maha-yuga,

239

2081

Pa>u-kei [pa>u "mat for covering canoe"; kei "dignified"]

S`ravis.-kat.a as 4th yuga in 14th maha-yuga, according to S`iP [s`ravis. "more famous"; kat.a "straw mat"]

The notion of a woman (goddess) as a tide (sea) which collapsed dynasties is paralleled in the Nostoi, as, e.g., in the case of +Klutaemnestra as terminating the dynasty of Aga-memnon at the sailing of war-ships to Ilion (Ilium).

Thus, the femininity of the -kalpa cycle may be constrasted with the masculinity of the Manu-antara-cycle, the two cycles running [& overlapping] concurrently (co-aevally) [rather than the Manu-antara cycle within the -kalpa-cycle].

THE KUMULIPO

A Hawaiian Creation Chant

translated and edited with commentary by

MARTHA WARREN BECKWITH

Chicago University Press

Published 1951

HM = Martha Warren Beckwith: Hawaiian Mythology. Yale U. Pr, 1940.

HD = Mary Pukui & Samuel Elbert: Hawaiian Dictionary. U. Pr of HI, 1971.

AHM = John White: Ancient History of the Maori. Wellington, 1887 (Vol. I).

RA = Rama-ayana

KP = Kurma Puran.a-m

S`iP = S`iva Puran.a-m

VS = Vayaviya Samhita

S`RS = S`ata-Rudra Samhita

Another possible parallelism might be:-

7th maha-yuga

Kadmea

SUR-vahaka, VS

Nukteus the son of Hurieus (< *SURyu-)

   

11th maha-yuga

Thebai

LAmBa-uDAra

LABDAkos

LAmba

LAi[w]os

Lamba-aks.a "dangling-eyed"

Oidipod-, who blinded himself

Kes`a-lamba "hair dangling"

Kreon's praematurely white-haired protagonist Erginos

   

12th maha-yuga

Doris

Ad-TRi, who created the moon

Amphi-TRuon, who hurled cudgel at cow's horns [cf. "horns" of moon]

SaDHYa

Ptere-la[w]os, whose daughter was +Koma-iTHoI

Varijas the bivalve-shellfish

the bivalve-shellfish god was husband to Aphrodite, who was (according to Lucianus) first nurtured by Nereus

   

13th maha-yuga

Thraike

NARa-ayan.a sea-god

NEReus sea-god

BALi

BOReas, son-in-law of Nereus

   

14th maha-yuga

Samothraike

Su-RAKS.AN.a

aLEKTruON the rooster

S`ravan.a "hearing"

[hearing of cockcrow by adulterous couple]

S`ravis.t.ha-ka [cf. S`ravis.t.ha, one of the naks.atra-s]

 
   

15th maha-yuga

Roma

Veda-s`iras

Euandros / Evander, son of inventrix of alphabet

Trayya-ARUn.i "the triple Arun.i"

ERYlus, who had three separate lives & three bodies: he was son of another inventrix of the alphabet.

Kun.i-BAhU [cf. Bahu, another of the naks.atra-s]

FAUnus (?)

Ku-s`arira "evil body"

Cacus

As such, these various sequences may be in different Manu-antara-s.

Here is another possible inter-cultural correlation:-

Hellenic

Polynesian

Zulu

Cahuilla

Norse

(+Althaia' huband) [W]oineus invented wine.

 

Za-Ha-Rrellel in a bowlful of fluid saw the goddess +Ma (I, p. 28).

 

Bo,lverk drank from sacred vessels proffered to him by the daughter of Tjazzi.

   

Heat scorched the approachers to +Ma (I, p. 30).

 

Fire on the walls of A`s-gard scorched the approaching Tjazzi.

 

Rehua's son Kai-tangata died by defaecating at the post of +Whai-tiri (AHM 1:85); or,

Gorogo, the frog-men, captured Odu's escaped wife +Amarava, thrashing her into "a forced marriage" (I, p. 45).

The creator-god died by defaecating into the mouth of a frog (NIE, p. 33), the frog's mouth being afterwards pinned shut with a thorn (ibid., p. 43).

The lips of Loki were sewn shut.

 

+Whai-tiri's husband Kai-tangata was disgusted with their baby's faeces (AHM 1:96).

Odu beat with a paddle [the buttocks of ?] +Amarava (I, p. 48).

   
     

After an attempted cure of the creator-god by snakes,

Snake-venom drippeth upon Loki in the netherworld.

     

and by a horsefly, -- whereas golden hair was appreciated by the wife of bat-man (ibid., p. 70) --

Loki had taken the form of a horsefly to bite the dwergar who were manufacturing golden hair for To`r's wife Si`f.

Meleagros ("guinea-fowl") was born along with:

Matuku the bittern was robbed of birds (HM, p. 260) by:

Vulture-footed monster trailed +Amarava (I, p. 52).

Crow failed to suck poison out of creator-god (ibid., p. 33).

 

an olive-branch, which was afterwards burned as firewood by woman (+Althaia), killing him.

WAHIE-ROA "long log of firewood" (HM, p. 259).

World-tree-god rode a fish (I, p. 32); as also Odu rode (ibid., pp. 38-40) a shark: a woman attempted (ibid., pp. 42-43) to burn to death Odu.

Coyote was sent on needless mission to fetch firewood for cremating corpse of creator-god.

Ygg-drasil

 

Kai-tangata had praesented to him the extracted heart of a slave (AHM 1:95).

 

Coyote extracted heart from burning corpse of creator-god.

Deer-heart of clay-giant.

To Meleagros, +Atalante awarded honors for the swine-hunt.

Marquesan woman gave each day a pig for VEHIE-OA (HM, p. 262)

     

On supposed behalf of his mother +Penelope "duck", Tele-makhos helped slay her suitors, but especially Amphi-nomos whom she liked best.

 

On behalf of his mother +Marimba, Kahawa combatted her suitor Nangai (I, p. 77); Kahawa amputated his own hand for counteracting his mother (I, p. 78).

Coyote was carried aloft by ducks (ibid., pp. 68)

Ty`r had his hand bitten off by Fenrir the wolf.

Sister to [W]oineus was +Deianeira, attemptedly raped by AKHELOIos, cf. +AHALYa, woman viewed by the 1,000 eyen of the god.

 

+"Lizuli, the whore of eternity, dances nightly before the thousand eyes of the Most Ultimate." (I, p. 87)

   

Hephaistos, inventor of a net-trap for adulterers, had his legs broken.

 

Malinge, inventor of a noose-trap (I, p. 86), had his "legs broken with clubs" (I, p. 89).

   

Telephos was about to be killed with a sword his own mother Auge -- she did not recognize him because:

 

Lumukanda about to be killed with a sword his own mother, without her knowing who he was (I, p. 129).

   

he had been reared by Koruthos "helmet". {Koruthos was name of the king of the Turrhenians, and founder of Cortona.}

 

That mother was buried with "Her helmet on her head" (I, p. 130). {The "Strange Ones" may be the "Peoples of the Sea", who included Etruscans.}

   

Telephos tripped over a vine.

 

Lumukanda "tripped over a mangrove root." (I, p. 135)

   

Telephos married +Argi-ope "lightning-face".

 

A lighting-flash praesaged the advent of goddess +Watamaraka (I, pp. 143-44).

 

Lightning-hammer to sanctify marriage of goddess +Freyja to Trym.

Telephos partook in the translating (by assumption) of woman +Iphigeneia from Aulis to be priestess of the Tauroi.

 

Lumukanda had met former slave-woman +Luluma, who became (I, p. 145) translated (by assumption) in the empress's body.

   

+Persephone was carried off into the netherworld by Hades:

 

+Mulinda was sealed in a cave by Vamba (I, p. 188),

   

the realm of Hades was harried by Theseus[, whose buttocks were torn off there, and whose wife Phaidra was attacked by warrior-women -- Amazones], and

 

Mukingo [, who was wounded in his buttocks (I, p. 192), and whose wife Nolziwa was captured by cannibal-women], and

   

Peirithoo:s. Hades was wounded in his shoulder.

 

Dombozo, who was bitten in his shoulder (I, p. 193).

   

MELANTHIos who was slain with the servant-women.

 

MALANDEla, whose > 800 wives were entombed (I, pp. 225-6):

   

Cave of the Numphai on Ithake. Cavern-rivers Akheron-Kokutos-Puriphlegethon in Thesprotia of queen Kalli-dike.

 

of 850 women, 516 followed +Nomikonto (I, p. 240); 228 women reached the cavern-river Lulungwa-Mangakatsi (I, p. 241); along that river 3 + 2 + 1 + 5 women died (I, p. 242);

{Cf. Charles Leland: Algonkin Legends of New England.}

 

Skulle -- multi-headed, long-necked monster at alternative to oceanic whirlpool.

 

Two-headed, long-necked, split-pupil-eyed monster at cavern-river (I, p. 243).

   

Mino-tauros.

 

Burumatara "old bull" gigantic bull-god guarding exit from netherworld (I, p. 247).

   

NIE = Ruby Modest & Guy Mount: Not for Innocent Ears. Sweetlight Books, Angelus Oaks (CA), 1980.

I = Vusamazulu Mutwa: Indaba. Johannesburg, 1964.