"The Classic of the Central Mountains"


(Book 5 of the S^an Hai Jin)


9:13 "Black Bear Cave" {cf. bear-skin of Kampe}

1. "The site of the crumbling old longhouse"

9:14 banana-plants

2. banana-plants

9:16 "mat-plants"

3. "A vast area of tall grass"

10:5 "an owl ... has only one leg"

4. "The country of the owls"

11:9 bird "like pheasant" (viz., red), which "feeds on bugs." [robin ?]

5. "The country of the robins."

11:11 Mt. Bulk-carve {in Daoist symbolism, carving = social organization, which subjects one to officialdom (as if to bloodsuckers)}

6. "mosquitoes ... bite those who pass by and such their blood."

11:12 Mt. Agony-vein

7. "bursts into tears"

11:18 Mt. "Trailer"

8. "The house of

11:34 Mt. Woman-warm

the Cuckoo-goddess" {on Mt. Thornaks ("Cuckoo"), goddess Hera warmed a cuckoo in her bosom}, proffering a

11:39 "fief-stone"

finger-ring (for pledge of fealty to her)

11:42 "the bridge-drain"

9. "the Bridge of Terror":

11:44 "just-me"

"Just follow us ..."

11:46 Mt. "Yoke"

10. "The Junction"

11:47 Mt. "Murk"

11."curiously ... demand to know"

11:48 "the knowing-boar"

12. "Bujang Sugi, also known as Keling, ... is in charge of information ... and knowledge"

12:4 Mt. "Trey" {cf. Yoruba divining-trey, for magic charms}

13. "magic charms ... are given to

12:6 Mt. Manly-man

brave men to make them more heroic, certain others to

12:7 "The two daughters of the great god'

women with clever hands ..., while still others are for

1:1 Mt. Sweet-jujube {jujube is emblematic of India (Jambu dvipa), the country of farmers}


2:7 "used for poisoning fish"

fishermen ..."

2:8 Mt. Lone-thyme {the thymus is asserted in the Iliad to be the source of murderous battle-rage}

14. "the soul of the war hero Muang"

3:1 Steep-bank of the deity "Incense Pool" (liquid incense for burning)

15. "The Hill of Fire"

3:2 "it helps you to have a baby."

16. "The Country of Infants. ... Women ... are often beseiged by older children who beseech them to be their mothers."

5:1 Mt. Lewd-bed

17. "The Country of Women Died of Childbirth." (i.e., in childbed)

5:11 Mt. "Corpse"

18. "Many crushed bones are strewn around. These are the bones of those travellers ..."

6:1 High-horse Reptile. "This god is Lord of the Stinging Insects."

19. "The Country of People Died of Snakebite. ... open wounds on their legs and arms -- which can never be healed"

6:11 "iron ... frog-fish"

20. "the Country of Fish Doctors who wear coats with silver spots and ... perform healing ceremonies for sick fishes."

6:13 Mt. Boast-father [who boasted he could drink all lakes dry, but failed in (violated) this claim]

21. "the people who had violated the puni taboo" (requiring one to eat all food touched by oneself)

7:1 "quail eggs"

24. "The Country of People Died ... while collecting eggs in birds' nests"

7:2 "can be used as a cure for poison."

25. "The Country of People Died of Tuba Poisoning."

7:3 Mt. Mother-in-law-merry

26. "The Country of the Kingfisher Goddess."

7:4 "you won't have a goitre."

27. "The Countries of Warriors Killed by Enemies ... but with their heads [necks] intact."

7:8 "oozing pus"

29. "The Country of People Died of Wounds. ... wounds, bandages around them, ... flies which always swarm about the wounds."

7:19 "the wolfbane" {wolfbane was secured by Heraklees when he brought, from the realm of the giant demon Hades, the fierce hound Kerberos}

30. "The Country of Giant Demons ... with the help of a pack of fierce hunting dogs."

8:1 "patterned fish"

31. "The Fish River."

8:2 "the River Brocade"

32. "tatooed"

8:3 "The deity Alligator Siege"

36. "The Country of the Crocodile King."

8:4 Mt. Girl-stool

37. goddess Indu Dara Jelini, whose "official task is to warn and prevent strangers from taking a bath in the Icy River" {cf. one daughter of Geirrod producing river wherein Tor bathed; while the other daughter of Geirrod crouched under a stool}

8:5 Mt. Help-all

41. "if the soul is really homesick, he can come back later."

8:5 "the River Risk."

42. "the torrential [river] Limban ... is difficult and dangerous" to paddle in

8:23 Mt. Lute-drum

43. festival

9:8 Mt. Corner-sunny.

"The River Dawdle"

44. "the landing platform ... his destination ... forever."

9:11 Mt. Wind-rain

45. "The return journey of the orang ti nyabak [shamaness-guide for soul of deceased]." "She sits securely on the shoulders of the Wind God who whirls around ..."


Anne Birrell (transl.): The Classic of Mountains and Seas. Penguin Books, 1999. pp. 65 to 106

Clayton H. Chu: The Three Worlds of Iban Shamanism. PhD diss., Columbia U., 1978. pp. 269 to 279

Note that whereas the chapters of this book number 12 (like the months), so the ending at 9:11 may be significant. Since 17 is the commonest subtotal for mountains (in a mountain-range), as in (by Book and Chapter):-





And inasmuch a close connection with ancient Coptic mythic geographic is indicated,

there may be some allusion to 9/11 in the year 1717 of the Coptic era, namely

September 11th, 2001,

showing that those who sow the wind shall reap the whirlwind.