Vars.a-s of Jambu-Dvipa Identified by Shape (thus indicating antient transposition involving misidentifying South America as Hind/India). Evidently, unto antient visionaries were shewn (in dreaming and/or in trancing) a map of Bharata-vars.a which was intended as a divine counterpart of South America, but which such visionaries mistakenly assumed was of India, so that in consequence of this misidentification the name hath been misapplied to India, and is in need of being restored to South America, with Buenos Aires being more proprely designated "Benares", etc.

Bharata-vars.a is described in myth as a southward-pointing triangle having, beyond its south point, the island Lanka. That this is intended as a divine aequivalent to South America with Yamana (Tierra de Fuego), instead of India with Ceylon, is indicated by the permanent bridge constructed of "floating stones" extending from Bharata-vars.a to Lanka : these "stones" are more likely to be intended as icebergs rather than as pumice, for pumice will soon absorb water and sink.

Eastward from Bharata-vars.a is located Bhadra-as`va, which is said (in Bauddha mythic geography, according to the Abhidharma) to be crescent-shaped, which could referr to Africa (although Africa is actually shaped more alike to a boomerang than to a crescent). As for the name, /as`va/ is 'horse' : we are reminded of the crescent-shaped well Hippo-krene, impressed into the ground as the hoofprint of divine horse Pegasos.

Westward from Bharata-vars.a is located Ketu-mala, which is said (in Bauddha mythic geography, according to the Abhidharma) to be circle-shaped, apparently referring to Australia -- although some other islands in the Pacific Ocean, such as Viti Levu, are more nearly circular than Australia. As for the name /Ketu-mala/, /ketu/ is 'banner; comet', and /mala/ is 'wreath' : because a wreath is ring-shaped, we may be thereby reminded of the numerous ring-shaped atolls in the Pacific Ocean.

Northward from Bharata-vars.a is Ila-vr.ta, stated to be square, which would most likely be intended as North America (the state-name /ILLinois/, in particular, resembling /ILa-vr.ta/), the four sides of the square then being the Pacific coast of North America, the Arctic coast of North America, the Atlantic coast of North America, and the Caribbean coast of North America.

The three mountain-ranges to be successively crossed in traveling from Bharata-vars.a to Ila-vr.ta can likely be identified as (1st, Hima-alaya) that separating Brazil to its northeast from the Wayana-s (Wiyana-s) and from Venezuela, (2nd, Hema-kut.a) that extending along the north coast of Colombia and of Venezuela, and (3rd, Nis.ada, said to be inhabited by black folk) that extending through the Greater Antilles (including Haiti, inhabited by dark folk).

Beyond Ila-vr.ta is Uttara-kuru, which would most likely be intended as Eurasia. /Kuru/ is cognate with Sumerian /kur/ 'mountain', and apt name for Asia, which hath in it the world's tallest mountains.

[written Sept 2016]